Lost Patriots in the Grimké Files
Fifty-four men not previously identified as Patriots in the American Revolution. They were members of the 4th South Carolina Regiment (Artillery) and discovered in the original papers of Lt. Col. John Faucheraud Grimké. Article published 4.23.20 in Journal of the American Revolution.
Free Men of Color in the American Revolution
An estimated 5,000 African-Americans, free men and slaves, served in the Revolutionary War. Slaves frequently substituted for their masters in military service or were contracted out for construction labor. Free men of color enlisted of their own accord for a variety of reasons. Dr. Hinton and John L. Marker, Jr., a former genealogist for the South Carolina Sons of the American Revolution, have identified eighty or more free men of color who served in the South Carolina militia or in Continental Army regiments during the Revolutionary War (1775-1783). In the course of their research, Hinton and Marker also discovered men not previously identified in published works.
The Honor Project pays tribute to free men of color who were Patriots. The project is ongoing. May 2017 article about SC Free Men of Color Patriots
South Carolina Artillerymen – Prisoners of War at Charleston
The British capture of Charleston, South Carolina on May 12, 1780 was the worse defeat of the American Revolution. Thousands surrendered to the British, including all members of the Continental Army in South Carolina. Among the prisoners were 176 men on the rolls of the 4th South Carolina Regiment, an elite corps of artillerymen charged with defending the city. What happened to them? Did they survive? Some went to prison ships in Charleston Harbor, some were kept in barracks in the city, some joined the British, some escaped. Many of their officers, held at Haddrell’s Point across the harbor, were paroled to Virginia or Philadelphia. A few men died in captivity. Most were held for a time and were eventually exchanged. The majority joined independent militia companies under leaders like Thomas Sumter or Francis Marion. They continued the fight for independence until the British left South Carolina in December 1781 and peace was finally restored in 1783.
Dr. Hinton is tracing the lives of artillerymen and officers in the 4th SC Regiment made prisoners of war at Charleston – their origins, military experiences and civilian lives after the war. The research involves examination of pension statements and military records, census, land transactions, wills, diaries and documented family histories. Backgrounds of 90 men (of 181) have been traced.